Australopithecus africanus., designated STS 5, was discovered by Robert Broom and John T. Robinson in Sterkfontein, Transvaal, South Africa in 1947. Although originally considered female, study of the roots of the canine teeth has cast serious doubt on it's gender, leading most to believe it is,in fact, from a sub-adult male instead.
*Skull Length: 19 cm (7.5 in)
Austrolopithecus afarensis., Lucy is, quite possibly, the most well-known fossil hominid. Discovered by Donald Johanson and Tom Gray in 1974 at Hadar, Ethiopia, Lucy is dated at 3.2 million years old. This specimen, a 40% complete skeleton of an adult female, gave sufficient evidence that A. afarensis was a bipedal species that walked upright. Lucy, scientifically known as AL 288-1, was named after the Beatles song "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds."
*Skull Lengh 7.2in.
KNM ER 1470 Skull - First discovered in Koobi Fora, Kenya is 1972, Homo rudolphensis has consistently been the subject for debate. Many anthropologists believe this specimen to belong to the Australopithecine genus while some favor Homo habilis as its species. There are many features used to distinguish this sole specimen (KNM ER 1470) from both of these groups, but a consensus has yet to be reached.
*Specifications: CLASS: Fossil Hominids ORDER: Fossil Hominids FAMILY: Fossil Hominidae Origin: Kenya
*Skull Lenght 7.3in.
KNM ER 1813 - This small, but very complete skull was found at Koobi Fora, Kenya, in 1973 by Kamoya Kimeu. It dates back to 1.9 MYA and is considered an early member of the Homo genus. It's minute brain capacity, however, leads many to place it within the Australopithecus group.
*Specifications: CLASS: Fossil Hominids ORDER: Fossil Hominids FAMILY: Fossil Hominidae Origin: Koobi Fora, Lake Turkana, Kenya 2.3 - 1.6 mya
*Skull Length: 19 cm (7.5 in)
Cro-Magnon Skull Cro-Magnons are recognized as the earliest know race of modern humans, Homo sapiens. Generally considered the earliest European descendants, Cro-Magnons lived between 10,000 and 35,000 years ago. The first Cro-Magnon specimens were discovered in France in 1868 along with many sophisticated tools, artifacts and cave paintings. Cro-Magnons are credited with creating the first calendar nearly 34,000 years ago.
*Skull Length: 20 cm (7.9 in)
Aegyptopithecus zeuxis., Aegyptopithecus zeuxis was discovered in Egypt in the early 1900’s. Aged at 33 million years old, Aegyptopithecus existed during the Oligocene epoch. At this time, the area now known as Egypt was a lush tropical forest. Based on dental and physiological morphology, it is believed that Aegyptopithecus was an arboreal species that fed on fruits and other soft plant parts in the treetops. This early primate, sometimes called the “Dawn Ape”, exhibited both ape and monkey characteristics and is thought to be the earliest known ancestor to the old world apes. Other Names: "Dawn Ape"
* Skull Length: 10 cm (3.9 in)
Lycodontis funebris., Moray eels are native to tropical and subtropical oceans where they dwell in coral reefs. Like most eels, the moray has a long, snake-like appearance. Their lack of pectoral and pelvic fins, as well as their scaleless skin, give eels a unique appearance. Morays use their have large, powerful jaws to catch their prey. This species can grow up to 13 feet (4 m) in length.
*Specifications: CLASS: Osteichthyes ORDER: Anguilliformes FAMILY: Muraenidae Origin: Oceans World Wide
*Skull Length: 14.5 cm (5.7 in)
Atractosteus spatula.,This primitive ray-finned fish can be found in most of the southeastern United States. Unlike other species of gar, when mature an alligator gar possesses a dual row of teeth in the upper jaw.
*Specifications: CLASS: Osteichthyes ORDER: Lepisosteiformes FAMILY: Lepisosteidae Origin: North America
* Skull Length: 38.1 cm (15.0 in) Skull Width: 16.5 cm (6.5 in) Skull Height: 11.4 cm (4.5 in)
$99.00Geospiza difficilis difficilis.,Unique amongst birds, the sharp-beaked ground finch is famed for the extraordinary feeding habits that have earned it the sinister pseudonym of the 'vampire finch' (3) (4). Like the other ground finches (Geospiza sp.), the adult male plumage is completely black, while the female is brown and streaked (2). However, different populations of this species exhibit greater variation in appearance and ecology than any other of Darwin's celebrated finches. Whereas some populations are similar in appearance to the common cactus-finch (Geospiza scandens) with its long pointed beak, others are slighter in build and bare a closer resemblance to the small ground-finch (Geospiza fuliginosa) (2) (5) (6). Indeed, so great is the morphological variation amongst populations, that questions have been raised about its status as a single species (2) (6).
$99.00Camarhynchus pauper., is a critically endangered species of bird in the Darwin's finch group of the tanager familyThraupidae. It is endemic to the Galapagos Islands. This species is only found on Floreana Island at elevations above 250 m in moist highland forest habitat. Prime breeding habitat is dominated byScalesia pedunculata trees.
$99.00Geospiza fortis., is a species of bird in the Thraupidae family. It is endemic to the Galapagos Islands. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests and subtropical or tropical dry shrubland. One of Darwin's finches, the species was the first which scientists have observed evolving in real-time.
Geospiza magnirostris., is a species of bird. One of Darwin's finches, it is now placed in the family Thraupidae and was formerly in the Emberizidae. It is endemic to the Galapagos Islands, and is found in the arid zone of most of the archipelago, though it is absent from the southeastern islands (Floreana, Española, San Cristóbal and Santa Fé). It is the largest species of Darwin's finch both in total size and size of beak. It has a large, short beak for cracking nuts to get food. Collected February 1962.
Skull Lenght 1.6in.
$99.00Geospiza conirostris., is a species of bird in the tanager family Thraupidae. It is one of Darwin's finches, and is endemic to the Galápagos islands, Ecuador, where it is restricted to Española, Genovesa, Darwin, and Wolf Islands. This rather dark bird resembles the smaller and finer-beaked common cactus finch, but the two species do not co-inhabit any island.
$99.00Certhidea olivacea., is a species of bird, one of Darwin's finches in the tanager family Thraupidae. Sometimes classified in the family Emberizidae, more recent studies have shown it to belong in the tanager family.
$99.00Geospiza scandens., is a species of bird in the Darwin's finch group of the tanager family Thraupidae. It is endemic to the Galapagos Islands, where it is found on most islands, with the notable exception of Fernandina, Española, Genovesa, Darwin and Wolf. Most of these islands are inhabited by its close relative, the large cactus finch. Its natural habitats are dry scrubland and woodland. It is usually closely associated with the cactus Opuntia.
Bubo virginianus.,The great horned owl is native to most of North and South America. This large owl feeds on invertebrates, rodents, small birds, and rabbits. The great horned owl, named for the horn-like feather tufts on its head, is a well adapted nocturnal hunter. Large eyes allow for more light absorbing rods and better night vision. This coupled with a keen sense of hearing allows this species to locate prey in the darkest conditions.
Spheniscus magellanicus., also known as Magellan's penguin, is native to Chile, Argentina and the Falkland Islands. Like all penguins, the Magellanic penguin is flightless. With modified flipper-like wings and short hair-like feathers, penguins are very suited to their semi-aquatic lifestyle.
The Magellanic penguin is primarily a carnivore, feeding on fish and crustaceans.
Specifications: CLASS: Aves ORDER: Sphenisciformes FAMILY: Spheniscidae Origin: Antarctica
Skull Length: 12.5 cm (4.9 in.)
Aptenodytes patagonica.The king penguin, reaching nearly 3 feet tall, is second only to the emperor penguin in size. This large flightless bird nests in colonies up to 10,000 individuals. The king penguins range includes Antarctica, the Falkland Islands, Tierra del Fuego, and many other islands throughout the sub-Antarctic. The king penguin feeds on fish, but specializes in eating squid.
CLASS: Aves ORDER: Sphenisciformes. FAMILY: Spheniscidae
Origin: Antarctica Diet: Carnivore
Skull Length: 7.6 in.
$139.00Spheniscus demersus, also known as the jackass penguin and black-footed penguin is a species of penguin, confined to southern African waters. Mesuremen 4.6in.2in. 2.1in.
Ramphastos sulfuratus., The Keel-billed toucan is native to Central and South America. Toucans are easily identifiable by their large colorful beaks. This beak has a serrated edge which functions much like teeth. A toucan's diet consists of berries, fruits and occasional small vertebrates and insects.
*Specifications: CLASS: Aves ORDER: Piciformes FAMILY: Ramphastidae Origin: Central and South America
*Skull Length: 22 cm (8.7 in)
Pandion haliaetus., Is a fish eating species spending much of its time near lakes, rivers and coasts. Osprey have a unique hunting method where they will hover above the water to locate prey, then plunge feet-first, snatching their dinner with powerful talons. The Osprey has a large range that includes most of North America, South America, Eurasia, Africa and regions of Australia. The osprey is also referred to as the "fish hawk" due to its diet.
Buteo jamaicensis.,The red-tailed hawk ranges from Alaska south throughout Canada and the United States and in to Central America. With its acute eyesight, a sharp hooked beak and powerful talons, this species is an impressive predator. Red-tails eat a variety of small rodents, rabbits, reptiles, and carrion. This species is often wrongly referred to as a "chicken hawk," although it rarely preys on chickens.
Aquila chrysaetosThe golden eagle, originally native to much of Eurasia and North America, has been extirpated from much of its former eastern North American range and is now found primarily in mountainous areas of the west. This large species, reaching a wingspan of seven feet, primarily feeds on rabbits, large rodents, carrion and small livestock. Golden eagles nest on cliffs where they lay one to four eggs.